The term Cardiometabolic Risk describes the possibility for a person to undergo coronary heart disease or type 2 diabetes mellitus when several risk factors are grouped. However, let us be clear it is not a disease in itself, but a group of cardiovascular and metabolic disorders that, acting individually or in combination, can cause a significant deterioration in the health of individuals.
Cardiometabolic Risk factors are intimately related to the current lifestyle, as a constant imbalance between intake and caloric expenditure is very common, i.e., a lot of food and little expenditure.
Address the Cardiometabolic Risk Factors:
How are your numbers?
- Obesity, both by evaluation of BMI greater than or equal to 30 Kg/m² as well as the circumference of the abdominal waist, 102 cm for men and 88 cm women
- High LDL cholesterol, above 100 mg/dl
- High triglycerides above 150 mg/d
- HDL cholesterol ≥ 40 mg/dl in men and ≥ 50 mg/dl in women
- High blood pressure above 120/80 mmHg * (A.H.A)
- Glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C) above 5.7% * (AHA)
- Resistance to insulin, above 11 mg/dl
- Glucose above 100 mg/dl (Blood Sugar)
- Physical inactivity
- Smoking habits
* (American Heart Association)
Each of these factors are dangerous on their own, but if combined they gradually increase the risk of cardiovascular and/or metabolic diseases.
The good news is that these factors can be modified with a healthy diet and the use of specific drugs indicated by your specialist doctor. It is also very important to implement healthy lifestyle changes, which is decisively important as a way to maintain a good health condition.